The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.
In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination. Deemed university, or "Deemed-to-be-University", is a status of autonomy granted by the Department of Higher Education in the Union Human Resource Development Ministry, on the advice of the UGC, under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956. The status allows full autonomy in courses, syllabus, admissions and fees. The UGC list dated 23 June 2008 lists 130 deemed universities. Note that although the list is dated 23 June 2008, the latest addition to the list, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, was made on 24 June 2009.
According to this list, the first institute to be granted deemed university status was Indian Institute of Science which was granted this status on 12 May 1958. The are deemed universities in 18 of the 28 states of India and three of the union territories. The state with the most universities is Tamil Nadu with 28 deemed universities.
Other types of universities controlled by the UGC include:
Central universities or Union universities are established by Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education.
State universities are run by the state government of each of the states and territories of India, and are usually established by a local legislative assembly act
Private universities are approved by the UGC. They can grant degrees but they are not allowed to have off-campus affiliated colleges.
|1.||Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM) Gandhi Nagar Campus, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam-530 045 A.P.||Andhra Pradesh|
|2.||International Institute of Information Technology Survey No. 25, Gachibowli, Ranga Reddy District, Hyderabad-500 032||Andhra Pradesh|
|3.||Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth Tirupati-517 507||Andhra Pradesh|
|4.||Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning Prasanthinilayam-515 134,District-Ananthpur A.P.||Andhra Pradesh|
|5.||ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education Hyderabad A.P.||Andhra Pradesh|
|6.||Vignan’s Foundation of Science, Technology & Research Vallmudi, Guntur Distt A.P.||Andhra Pradesh|
|7.||Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation Kunchanapalli Post, Vaddswaram Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh||Andhra Pradesh|
|8.||North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology Nirjuli, Itanagar, Dist – Papum Pare- 791 109 Arunachal Pradesh||Arunanchal Pradesh|
|9.||Bihar Yoga Bharati Ganga Darshan, Fort, Munger-811 201 Bihar||Bihar|
|10.||Nava Nalanda Mahavihara Nalanda – 803 111 (Bihar)||Bihar|
|11.||Punjab Engineering College Sector -12-160 012 Chandigarh||Chandigarh|
|12.||Indian Agricultural Research Institute Pusa Institute, Pusa-110 012 New Delhi||Delhi|
|13.||Indian Institute of Foreign Trade B-21, Qutub Institutional Area-110 016 New Delhi||Delhi|
|14.||Indian Law Institute Bhagwandas Road-110 001 New Delhi||Delhi|
|15.||Jamia Hamdard Hamdard Nagar-110 062 New Delhi||Delhi|
|16.||National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Musicology, National Museum Janpath-110 011 New Delhi||Delhi|
|17.||National School of Drama, Bahawalpur House 1 Bhagwandas Road-110 001 New Delhi||Delhi|
|18.||National University of Educational Planning & Administration 17-B, Sri Aurbindo Marg-110 016. New Delhi||Delhi|
|19.||Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthana 56, 57, Institutional Area, Janakpuri-110 058. New Delhi||Delhi|
|20.||School of Planning & Architecture Indraprashtha Estate, Block-B-110 002. New Delhi||Delhi|